As a senior physiotherapist at Physioveda Medical Center, I have encountered numerous patients suffering from various types of headaches. Among them, cervicogenic headache stands out as a unique challenge, often misunderstood and misdiagnosed. In this blog, we will delve into the world of cervicogenic headaches, exploring their symptoms, causes, and effective home treatments.

Understanding Cervicogenic Headache

Cervicogenic headache is a specific type of headache that originates from the neck or cervical spine. Unlike typical headaches, cervicogenic headaches are secondary headaches, meaning they are caused by an underlying issue in the neck rather than being a primary condition. The pain associated with cervicogenic headache is often felt on one side of the head and is frequently described as a dull, aching sensation.

Symptoms of Cervicogenic Headache

Neck Pain

The most prominent symptom is neck pain, often radiating towards the back of the head and sometimes to the forehead.

Limited Range of Motion

Patients may experience stiffness in the neck and a reduced ability to move their head freely.

Unilateral Head Pain

Cervicogenic headache typically affects one side of the head and may be accompanied by pain around the eyes.

Shoulder Pain

Some individuals may also experience shoulder pain and discomfort.

Home Treatments for Cervicogenic Headache

Causes of Cervicogenic Headache

Poor Posture

Prolonged periods of poor posture, especially in front of computers or mobile devices, can contribute to cervicogenic headaches.

Neck Injuries

Trauma or injuries to the neck, such as whiplash, can trigger cervicogenic headaches.

Degenerative Conditions

Conditions like osteoarthritis or degenerative disc disease affecting the cervical spine can lead to cervicogenic headache.

Muscle Tension

Tight muscles in the neck and upper back can contribute to headache development.

Causes of Cervicogenic Headaches

Home Treatments for Cervicogenic Headache

Neck Exercises

Gentle neck stretches and exercises can help improve flexibility and reduce muscle tension. Consult a physiotherapist for a personalized exercise plan.

Posture Correction

Maintain good posture while sitting and standing. Use ergonomic furniture and take regular breaks to avoid prolonged periods of poor posture.

Heat and Cold Therapy

Applying heat or cold packs to the neck can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. Experiment with to see which works best for you.

Massage and Self-Massage

Gentle massage of the neck and upper shoulders can help relieve muscle tension. Self-massage techniques can be learned from a physiotherapist.

Stress Management

Practice stress-reducing techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga to minimize tension in the neck and upper body.


Cervicogenic headaches can significantly impact one’s quality of life, but with the right knowledge and home care, individuals can manage and reduce the frequency of these headaches. If symptoms persist or worsen, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for a comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment plan. As a senior physiotherapist at Physioveda Medical Center, I encourage everyone to take proactive steps in caring for their neck health to prevent and alleviate cervicogenic headache.